Constitutional factoids December 1, 2005 Regular News Things we bet you never knew about state charters Constitutional factoids Ah, you can count on those hardy, no-nonsense New Englanders; taciturn and straightforward Yankees. They can get things done with few words and little fuss. Like Vermonters, who eke by with a state constitution of a mere 8,356 words, the shortest of any state.That’s only about 900 more than the U.S. Constitution and about a third of the typical state charter. (About 26,000 words.) And of course, there’s Massachusetts, which has gotten along with the same constitution since 1780, the oldest among the 50 states.On the other side, there’s Alabama, whose constitution runs on for more than 220,000 words, probably in no small part because it has been amended more than 772 times. And Louisiana, which has had 11 different state constitutions since joining the union in 1812.Those and many other constitutional tidbits were presented to the House Judiciary Committee at its November 9 meeting by Tom Thomas, on the staff of the House Justice Council, and House General Counsel Deborah Kearney. Much of the information came from Understanding State Constitutions by G. Alan Tarr and published in 1998 by the Princeton University Press, and most of the rest from Florida records. It was all by way of background for the panel, which is looking at streamlining the Florida Constitution by removing some provisions and making them statutes.The Florida Constitution, by the way, checks in at about 39,000 words. It has been amended 102 times since 1968, when the new constitution (except for Article V which was approved in 1972) was adopted. The typical life of a state constitution is 70 years, and during that time it is amended about 115 times.But apparently the trend to rewrite state constitutions is waning. While the states have done so 145 times since 1776, there have only been 12 instances since 1901 with the latest example being Georgia in 1983.Florida has had six constitutions, three of them clustered around the Civil War and Reconstruction, which in turn led to the 1885 constitution which was a reaction to the last reconstruction constitution, which had a strong executive. Consequently, the 1885 document diffused executive authority in several Cabinet agencies, among other changes.That lasted until the 1968 rewrite.Since the 1968 constitution, (and not counting the Article V rewrite which was left undone until 1972), there have been 136 amendments proposed to the Florida Constitution. Of those, 102 have passed, voters rejected 31, and three were removed by the Florida Supreme Court for infirmities in the ballot language or other problems.There are five ways to amend the state charter. One is a constitutional convention, which hasn’t been used in recent times. The second is the legislature can send an amendment to voters by a three-fifths vote of both chambers. Then there’s citizen initiative, the Constitution Revision Commission which is appointed by state leaders and meets every 20 years, and the Tax and Budget Reform Commission, which meets between the CRC meetings and is limited to fiscal matters.The Florida Legislature leads the way in the state’s amendment sweepstakes, having proposed 89 amendments since 1968, of which 71 have been adopted, 16 rejected, and two tossed by the court. Twenty-six amendments have reached the ballot by initiative, of which 21 have been approved.The Constitution Revision Commission has had an all or nothing record. The 1977-78 CRC proposed eight amendments, all rejected by voters, although some of its proposals were incorporated in later amendments which were approved. The 1997-98 CRC proposed nine amendments, all of which were adopted.The Tax and Budget Reform Commission has proposed four amendments, of which two passed, one was rejected, and one was removed by the court.There are around 50 citizen initiative constitutional amendment petitions currently circulating in Florida, although historically, most won’t gather enough signatures to make the ballot.
As for activities in Croatia, he appealed to all citizens to follow in detail the instructions of epidemiologists, health professionals and the National Civil Protection Headquarters. Temporarily restricting the operation of shops, a suspension of work applies to catering facilities, cinemas, theaters, reading rooms, libraries and a range of service activities; gyms, sports, fitness and recreation centers, dance schools, children’s and other workshops, exhibitions, fairs, night and disco clubs. Also, the Government of the Republic of Croatia has published a special website where from now on all information is in one place about the coronavirus / / / www.koronavirus.hr Decision on temporary suspension of catering facilities, shops, shopping centers and all other places of public gathering soon / / / PROPOSED MEASURES TO ASSIST THE TOURISM SECTOR The measures refer to a total of 8 ministries, most of which relate to the preservation of liquidity and jobs of entrepreneurs within the Ministry of Finance. Measures for the tourism sector are attached. Photo: Pexels.com Inquiries related to information about the coronavirus from the tourism department should be sent to [email protected] At a session on Tuesday (March 17th), the government passed a total of 66 measures to help the economy due to the coronavirus epidemic. Plenković announced that the measures concerning the movement of the population will be tightened in the coming days. “Once the Minister of Health has declared an epidemic, it is a crucial moment and new special circumstances, we need faster and more effective action. In the coming days, we will certainly adopt measures, ie the Headquarters, to temporarily restrict the operation of stores, as well as the suspension of some stores, probably shopping centers, temporary suspension of restaurants, cinemas, theaters, reading rooms, libraries and a number of service activities; gyms, sports, fitness and recreation centers, dance schools, children’s and other workshops, exhibitions, fairs, night and disco clubsSaid Plenković “We will reduce all those opportunities for social contacts that are the basis for the spread of coronavirus infection. I ask Croatian citizens to understand the seriousness of the situation and that these measures that we are adopting are of a temporary nature in order to suppress the accelerated spread of the epidemic, based on the experience of other countries.”, Said Prime Minister Plenković, emphasizing that Croatia was well prepared and took timely measures. Central location with all coronavirus data From Wednesday, March 18, special measures will apply, which will be applied for the next 30 days, related to the prohibition of public gatherings and temporary suspension of catering facilities, service activities and other places of public gathering. In the continuation of the session, Minister Cappeli made proposals on amendments to the Law on Catering Activity, in which it is proposed that the National Headquarters of Civil Protection can determine the working hours of catering facilities. The mentioned legal change will enable the Headquarters to be able to decide on all necessary measures more quickly in the emergency procedure. The purpose of stricter measures is to prevent major consequences for the safety of citizens, all with the aim of reducing the possibilities of social contacts and minimizing situations in which the spread of the virus can occur. So, in a few days, the decision of the National Civil Protection Headquarters on closing all catering facilities and public gathering places as mentioned above is expected, as a preventive measure with the aim of stopping the spread of coronavirus. 17/03/2020 16.00 h “The message about the reduction of the number of social contacts is a message that I would like the public to understand at this time as an important measure of prevention and reduction of opportunities for scenarios that we are currently monitoring in other countries that have larger epidemic hotspots.”, Pointed out the Prime Minister In a few days, all catering facilities, exhibitions, cinemas, gyms will be closed… RELATED NEWS / / / PROPOSED MEASURES FOR THE TOURISM SECTOR
Deputy Chief Gregory W. Chetwood, age 58 of Cedar Grove, Indiana passed away peacefully at his home Saturday, May 9, 2020. Greg was born May 1, 1962 the son of Blaine and Margaret “Peggy” (Carson) Chetwood. Greg married his best friend and soul mate Barbara Heim on January 4, 1986 in Cincinnati, Ohio.Greg a 1980 Oak Hills & Scarlet Oaks graduate served his country for 16 years in the United States Navy. After serving his country Greg served his community for over 32 years with Harrison Fire Department. He helped develop the Arson Task Force between Harrison police and fire, spent eight years of his career as commander of the Hamilton County Fire Investigative Unit.Greg is survived by his Loving wife Barbara Chetwood, and his mother Peggy (Karl) Lietzenmayer. Loving Father of Kevin (Michele), Alex (Brittney) and Zach (Ashley). Awesome Grandpa of Tanner, Griffin, Bryce, Trey, Paisley and Otto. Loving Brother of Doug, Christian (Donna Michelle) and Brad (Joan) Chetwood. Loving brother in law of Julie (Steve) Moravits, Pastor Tim (Miranna) Heim and Chrissy Heim. Loving son in law of Patricia Heim. Also survived and will be missed by several nieces, nephews and many many friends.Greg is preceded in death by his father Blaine Chetwood and father in law Raymond Heim.**To attend the drive thru visitation on Wednesday, May13, 2020 from 10:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. at Harrison Fire Department Station # 56, 200 Harrison Avenue Harrison, Ohio 45030, please enter from the Broadway street intersection of Walnut Street exiting north to Harrison Avenue. Please follow markers as well as officers directing traffic. You must remain in your vehicle during your visit. We appreciate your patience, this way we can follow state mandated guidelines while allowing family and friends the opportunity to offer condolences in person during these trying times.Funeral services will be held at 1:00 P.M. for family and close friends with Pastor Mark Garrett and Pastor Tim Heim officiating. Burial will follow at Gibson Cemetery Bright, Indiana with honors.In lieu of flowers the family ask donations to be made to ALS Association and or Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD), funeral home staff will have envelopes for donations during the visitation or please mail your donation with check payable to the charity, to Jackman Hensley Funeral Home 215 Broadway Street Harrison, Ohio 45030.